BizTalk building solution problem – Assembly generation failed — Referenced assembly ‘…’ does not have a strong name

A friend of mine who is taking the first steps in BizTalk, called me to ask me how to solve this error:

“Assembly generation failed — Referenced assembly ‘…’ does not have a strong name”

Cause

  • This problem occurs when a custom type from an unsigned referenced assembly was used within the orchestration.

Solution

  • Apply a strong name to the referenced assembly. If it is a custom assembly that you can recompile, use the strong name tool to create an .snk (key) file and then reference that key file in the assembly properties for the project. For more information about strong naming an assembly

To configure a strong name assembly key file

  1. On the Start menu, point to All Programs, point to Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, point to Visual Studio Tools, and then click Visual Studio Command Prompt (2010).
  2. At the command prompt, from the folder where you want to store the key file, type the following command, and then press ENTER:
    sn /k file_name .snk
    Example: sn /k ErrorHandling.snk
    A confirmation message, Key pair written to <file_name>.snk, displays on the command line.
  3. In Visual Studio Solution Explorer, right-click the project and then click Properties.
  4. Click the Signing tab and choose to Browse in the Choose a strong name key file drop-down box.
  5. Browse to the key file and click it. Click Open, and then close the project properties.
  6. Repeat steps 3 through 6 for each project in the solution that you want to deploy using this strong name assembly key file.

References

 

For those assemblies that are open source, you can simply recompile everything with a strong name. But for those that come already compiled by a 3rd party, you need to disassemble and reassemble again with a strong name.

To make everything simple I usually use this batch

call “%VS80COMNTOOLS%vsvars32.bat”
ildasm /all /out=%1.il %1.dll
ilasm /dll /key=….actvalue.snk %1.il
pause

You can invoke it passing the assembly file name as unique argument like

resign.bat somelibrary

This permits you to resign every assembly without the need of source code.

References

Tags: BizTalk | building | Errors and Warnings, Causes and Solutions

Author: Sandro Pereira

Sandro Pereira lives in Portugal and works as a consultant at DevScope. In the past years, he has been working on implementing Integration scenarios both on-premises and cloud for various clients, each with different scenarios from a technical point of view, size, and criticality, using Microsoft Azure, Microsoft BizTalk Server and different technologies like AS2, EDI, RosettaNet, SAP, TIBCO etc. He is a regular blogger, international speaker, and technical reviewer of several BizTalk books all focused on Integration. He is also the author of the book “BizTalk Mapping Patterns & Best Practices”. He has been awarded MVP since 2011 for his contributions to the integration community.

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