Introduction BizTalk Document Schemas

Posted: June 13, 2009  |  Categories: BizTalk Schemas Visual Studio

The XML Schema Definition (XSD) language natively defines message structure in BizTalk Server. XML Schemas are the foundation of all scenarios and document exchanges using BizTalk Server. Basically, once you have created your schema, you can create your scenario.

While XML standards are the core of BizTalk messages, a message structure can extend beyond XML to apply t other formats such a comma-delimited flat file representation.

Any XSD-compliant XML Editor can define BizTalk messages, but BizTalk Editor supports many of rich capabilities of XSD, such as importing common schemas to facilitate reuse, …

Creating Document Schemas

  • Create a new BizTalk empty project in Visual Studio;
  • Right-click on the project name and select Add → Add New Item;
  • In Add New Item dialog box, select Schema as the type of the item, type a name and click Ok;

Now you can define the structure of the document, first you have to change the Root name, you have to understand that this is not necessary, but it’s a common best practice, because BizTalk Server identifies the document (sets a message context property called BTS.MessageType) by making a concatenation of document namespace and Root Node Name.

  • Right-click the Root name and select rename;
  • To add nodes, right-click a node and select insert schema node, then you can select from the following options:
    • Child Record, to add a new record
    • Child Field Attribute, to add a new attribute node
    • Sibling Field Attribute, to add a new attribute node
    • Child Field Element, to add a new element node
    • Sibling Field Element, to add a new element node
  • Select the node to view and change its properties
Author: Sandro Pereira

Sandro Pereira lives in Portugal and works as a consultant at DevScope. In the past years, he has been working on implementing Integration scenarios both on-premises and cloud for various clients, each with different scenarios from a technical point of view, size, and criticality, using Microsoft Azure, Microsoft BizTalk Server and different technologies like AS2, EDI, RosettaNet, SAP, TIBCO etc. He is a regular blogger, international speaker, and technical reviewer of several BizTalk books all focused on Integration. He is also the author of the book “BizTalk Mapping Patterns & Best Practices”. He has been awarded MVP since 2011 for his contributions to the integration community.

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